AQUAPOST – AQUA POST http://www.aquapost.in Tue, 17 Jan 2023 14:33:30 +0000 en-US hourly 1 https://wordpress.org/?v=5.4.12 http://www.aquapost.in/wp-content/uploads/2020/06/cropped-aqua-logo-500x312-1-32x32.jpg AQUAPOST – AQUA POST http://www.aquapost.in 32 32 Klaas Puul and Skretting partner to supply more sustainable shrimp to European supermarkets http://www.aquapost.in/klaas-puul-and-skretting-partner-to-supply-more-sustainable-shrimp-to-european-supermarkets/ http://www.aquapost.in/klaas-puul-and-skretting-partner-to-supply-more-sustainable-shrimp-to-european-supermarkets/#respond Tue, 17 Jan 2023 14:33:29 +0000 http://www.aquapost.in/?p=2096 Volendam, the Netherlands: Leading Netherlands-based shrimp importer Klaas Puul is teaming up with Nutreco[1]owned Skretting, the largest shrimp feed manufacturer in Ecuador, and Dutch sustainable feed ingredient suppliers Protix and Veramaris to supply supermarkets across Europe with more sustainable shrimp produced in Latin America. Albert Heijn, the largest supermarket chain in the Netherlands and part […]

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Volendam, the Netherlands:

Leading Netherlands-based shrimp importer Klaas Puul is teaming up with Nutreco[1]owned Skretting, the largest shrimp feed manufacturer in Ecuador, and Dutch sustainable feed ingredient suppliers Protix and Veramaris to supply supermarkets across Europe with more sustainable shrimp produced in Latin America.

Albert Heijn, the largest supermarket chain in the Netherlands and part of global retailer Ahold Delhaize, is the first retailer to commit to the project in line with its strong GHG emissions targets and broader sustainability agenda.

Farmed seafood is becoming an increasingly important source of protein as global demand, and the world’s population, grows. However, one significant constraint on the growth of the farmed seafood industry is its reliance on marine ingredients in aquaculture feed. For sustainable aquaculture supply growth, alternatives to marine ingredients need to be included in feed.

Supermarkets in north-western Europe are increasingly sourcing shrimp from Latin America. They’re also looking to go beyond the requirements of aquaculture certification to identify additional ways to reduce risk in supply chains and provide more sustainable seafood. This includes increasing the use of novel ingredients and by-products in feed, and sourcing deforestation-free soy.

Sustainability is also high on Skretting and Nutreco’s agenda. In this context, three years ago Klaas Puul established a consortium together with Skretting and later Veramaris and Protix. Collectively, they decided to launch one of the most sustainable shrimp propositions on the market today.

“It’s an exciting moment for Klaas Puul, which is taking its role in the shrimp supply chain to the next level by helping global retail organisations meet their environmental sustainability ambitions. Working with partners like Nutreco/Skretting, Veramaris and Protix shows us how instrumental we can be in bringing more sustainable shrimp products to consumers across Europe,” said Alan Dale, CEO of Sykes Seafood and Ruskim in the UK, and Klaas Puul in the Netherlands.

Through this initiative, Skretting Ecuador, part of Dutch animal nutrition company Nutreco, will produce a new feed that will partly replace two ingredients, fishmeal and fish oil, increasing the diversity and flexibility and reducing the marine footprint in feed formulation.

The fishmeal will be partially replaced by Protix’s insect meal, made from black soldier fly larvae, which recently achieved excellent sustainability scores in an independent Life Cycle Assessment. The fish oil will be partially substituted by Veramaris’s MSC/ASC-certified algae oil. This is a restorative source of the essential omega-3 fatty acids EPA and DHA, necessary for the health and performance of farmed shrimp.

One hundred percent of the remaining marine ingredients will be sourced from seafood processing by-products, and all will be traceable back to MarinTrust-accredited fisheries in Ecuador. What’s more, the soy in the feed will be sourced from deforestation-free and land-conversion-free origins, making the feed proposition a significant improvement in terms of environmental responsibility compared with most conventional shrimp feeds on the market today.

This feed will be used by Klaas Puul’s suppliers in Latin America to produce sustainable shrimp for Albert Heijn and, in the future, possibly other retailers in dedicated ponds in Latin America.

“This initiative is a great example of putting our purpose of Feeding the Future into action. Working closely with Nutreco’s Corporate Sustainability Director José Villalón, Skretting Ecuador will deliver one of the most sustainable farmed shrimp feeds on the market today. This will help us meet the targets of our Sustainability RoadMap 2025, particularly ensuring 5-10% inclusion of novel ingredients in feed formulations. We are proud of being part of this value chain collaboration that will move the needle forward to bringing a sustainable solution to end consumers,” said Carlos Miranda, General Manager of Skretting-Ecuador.

Over the next three years, the consortium partners will continue to improve the feed formulation according to their own sustainability goals, drawing on developments within the field of shrimp nutrition, while also adjusting to the rapidly changing ingredient market. Over time, the consortium will increase the inclusion rates of insect meal and algae oil and look at other options to further reduce dependency on marine ingredients.

The consortium will also guarantee that all shrimp is produced from unablated broodstock and is ASC certified. With ambitious sustainability targets evidenced in its pledge to reduce GHG emissions, Albert Heijn is the first major food retailer in the Netherlands to commit to purchasing shrimp that have been fed on this new, sustainable feed.

For Albert Heijn, this project is a perfect fit with its ever-growing sustainability ambitions. It has recently set a more ambitious supply chain (Scope 3) GHG emissions reduction target: from a reduction of 15% to a reduction of 45% GHG emissions by 2030 (with a 2018 baseline).

Taking the initiative to leave a better world behind is an integral part of Albert Heijn’s mission: “Together we make eating better the easy choice. For everyone.” With this programme, AH takes important steps to make its tropical shrimp supply chains more sustainable.

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Department of Fisheries conducts two-day ‘Annual plan preparation’ workshop for Commissioners/Directors of all States/UTs’ http://www.aquapost.in/department-of-fisheries-conducts-two-day-annual-plan-preparation-workshop-for-commissioners-directors-of-all-states-uts/ http://www.aquapost.in/department-of-fisheries-conducts-two-day-annual-plan-preparation-workshop-for-commissioners-directors-of-all-states-uts/#respond Fri, 13 Jan 2023 11:00:46 +0000 http://www.aquapost.in/?p=2092 Department of Fisheries , Government of India organised a two-day ‘Annual Plan Preparation’ workshop  from 4th to 5th January 2023 to brainstorm, share information and resolve on-ground challenges through effective and efficient planning by fisheries’ officials of all States/UTs. The workshop was chaired by Shri Jatindra Nath Swain, Secretary, DoF (GoI) in presence of senior […]

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Department of Fisheries , Government of India organised a two-day ‘Annual Plan Preparation’ workshop  from 4th to 5th January 2023 to brainstorm, share information and resolve on-ground challenges through effective and efficient planning by fisheries’ officials of all States/UTs. The workshop was chaired by Shri Jatindra Nath Swain, Secretary, DoF (GoI) in presence of senior officials of Department of Fisheries (GoI), NFDB and states’ fisheries department. A total of 47 officials from 26 States/UTs attended the workshop and made it a grand success.

The workshop started with the inaugural session in which JS (IF), DoF, welcomed all dignitaries and participants. He summarised the achievements of ongoing departmental schemes namely Pradhan Mantri Matsya Sampada Yojana (PMMSY), Fisheries Infrastructure Development Fund (FIDF) and Kisan Credit Card (KCC). He indicated that tremendous efforts have been put in by states/UTs for increasing fish production whilst gaps exist in prioritising other aspects of the fisheries’ value chain at state level. This has necessitated rectification actions to be taken up by relooking and replanning upcoming state/UT annual plans.

Joint Secretary (MF) in his address emphasized on the formalization of the fisheries sector, enhancing domestic fish consumption, introduction of performance-based incentives for value chain efficiencies and quality assurance, shifting from fresh to frozen fish, branding, digital marketing, precision aquaculture, aquaculture insurance, entrepreneurship mentoring, co-management models, low-cost modern fishing vessels, vessel monitoring system and energy efficient fishing boats.

Chief Executive, NFDB in her address highlighted the progress and achievements of sub activities of PMMSY in the states/UTs. The gaps in physical progress of states/UTs was highlighted while development of coastal fisher communities, training and capacity building, cluster development, FFPOs, convergence, river ranching, aqua parks etc were emphasized upon.

Secretary, DoF (GoI), in his inaugural speech put forth his views on the ongoing activities and urged the states/UTs to set priorities at a local level along with the priorities of the Government of India. He advised that special attention may be given to sufficient seed production-as the most basic activity to propel the sectoral activities, take on a collaborative approach amongst states and centre for activities such as installation of artificial reefs, cold-chain, MIS data management, expansion of fish markets (Fish Bazaar), promotion and marketing of frozen fish, production of required number of seed etc. Priority areas mentioned along with the strategic rationale are likely to serve as guidelines for state/UT officials to set priorities for chalking out FY 2023-25 detailed annual action plan. In addition, he emphasized, that each state/UT should evaluate their resources and current situations to formulate their detailed annual action plans.

Post the inaugural session, the States/UTs presented their physical and financial achievements in FY 2020-21 and 2021-22, highlighted on-the-ground challenges faced and overview of the annual plans for the upcoming years 2023-24 and 2024-25. The interactive session led to inter-state discussions, exchange of good practices for problem-solving along with guidance from the leadership. In its last leg of day one, the session concluded with the summary and context setting for the next day.

On the second day of the workshop, group activities were done in three different groups followed by a presentation by the group leader. The group discussion entailed a cross-pollination of thoughts, and innovative ideas to resolve on-ground challenges and issues.

The workshop focused on the formulation of strategies with the states/UTs for the Annual Action Plans (2023-24 and 2024-25).It also served as an opportunity for peer learning and interaction (amongst states/UTs) facing similar challenges. During the event, presentation and discussion on Management Information System (MIS), Direct Benefit Transfer (DBT), and Single Nodal Account (SNA) were also organized to share process overview and address queries.

The event successfully concluded with an address by Joint Secretary (MF) wherein he summarized the key take-aways from the sessions and revisited the focus areas and important decisions. The workshop thus concluded with high fervor to plan and work effectively and efficiently for the overall growth and development of the fisheries and aquaculture sector.

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E-auction to strengthen fish supply chain http://www.aquapost.in/e-auction-to-strengthen-fish-supply-chain/ http://www.aquapost.in/e-auction-to-strengthen-fish-supply-chain/#respond Fri, 13 Jan 2023 07:33:20 +0000 http://www.aquapost.in/?p=2088 Author: Dr. RojithGirindran In a bid to apply the conventional supply chain and physical auction of the fish with digital technologies, a CIFT incubated company,FERI – Foundation for Environment Research & Innovation has developed two e-trading platforms for digital transformation of fisheries supply chain.Dr.RojithGirindran, Founder Director & Research Scientist, Principal Investigator, Resinnov Blue project, Foundation […]

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Author: Dr. RojithGirindran

In a bid to apply the conventional supply chain and physical auction of the fish with digital technologies, a CIFT incubated company,FERI – Foundation for Environment Research & Innovation has developed two e-trading platforms for digital transformation of fisheries supply chain.Dr.RojithGirindran, Founder Director & Research Scientist, Principal Investigator, Resinnov Blue project, Foundation for Environmental Research and Innovation talks to AQUA POST in detail about the e-auction space that has been made by Ressinov blue to improve the conventional supply chain in a phased manner.

Q.Please tell us briefly about the ‘Resinnov Blue’ project.

Ans:The ‘Resinnov Blue’ is a social entrepreneurship model project of ‘Foundation for Environmental Research and Innovation’ (FERI), a registered trust operated from Kochi, Kerala. The projectis undertaken by a group of researchers to bring digitaltransformation of the national fisheries supply chain along with integration of quality practices. The project being incubated through Agri Business Incubation (ABI) Centre of ICAR – Central Institute of Fisheries Technology (ICAR – CIFT), Kochi  focus to commercialize lab level research to market level. Dr. RojithGirindran is the Principal Investigator & Research Scientist of the project while Dr. Rakesh V.B and Dr.Dhanya Joseph are the other two Research Scientists of FERI Trust associated with the Resinnov Blue project.FERI Trust has the expertise to develop novel digital technologies, while ICAR – CIFT have significant technologies to assess the supply chain quality and the integration of both could bring positive changes to the fisheries sector. The Director of ICAR – CIFT had recently launched a first of its kind national online fish auction platform and another e-platform for fish retailers developed through the incubated project ‘Resinnov Blue’. The project provides collaboration opportunities to various stakeholders and organizations towards execution as well as upscaling of the technologies pan India.

Q. What are the major challenges in the fish supply chain?

Ans:India has 3,288 marine fishing villages and 1,511 marine fish landing centers, with a total of about 4 million marine fisher folkpopulations besides fish farmers. Inspite of the splendid resources, the market linkages of the national fisheries supply chain could not be considered as efficient and require significant modernization.Despite the fisheriesexport earnings of USD 7.76 billion (around 63,000 crore INR) for FY 2021 -22 for the nation, the fact that around 67% of fishermen communities still liveunder the Below Poverty Line (BPL) category points out theneed for alternative approaches to enhance the livelihoods and income of the fishing communities.The fishermen who are the primary stakeholders of the supply chain, faces multiple adversities such as climate change, increased scouting due to fish stock changes, and higher input costs, but have to sell their struggled catches at landing centres or harbours through physical auctions, often for meagreprice, which hinders the socio-economic progress of the fishermen communities. The physical fish auction system at harbours and landing centres often fail to provide effective market linkages and deserved catch price for the fishermen communities. In Kerala, recently multiple instances of fishermen strikes have been reported demanding improvement in the auction system to gain better pricing for the struggled fish catch. Meagre prices for fish catch are of concern for fishermen communities of other coastal states also. Many of the human rights, including decent pay for the fish workers, are often deprived, which could be attributed to the supply chain economics. Though fishermen use advanced geospatial tools in fishing boats for navigation and locating fishing grounds, the familiarity with e-trading and e-commerce are naive.

Paradox exists as high fish price for the end consumers and low income for the fishermen.  The profits are being shared within the supply chain and process. As fish is a major nutrition source to common man, soaring price is not an appreciable trend. Quality of fishes in supply chain is an important area of concern. Often domestic customers get fishes that are exposed with toxic chemicals and stored for long. Only certain portions of the customers could make out to harbours to get comparatively fresh fish and usually most of the customers are availing frozen fishes or low-quality fishes served through the conventional supply chain. Our perception is that branding is not a proof of quality and system should evolve wherein customers could check or feel the quality of fishes, beyond the dependency on costly brands.





(Research Scientists of Resinnov Blue: (Right-Left) Dr.RojithGirindran, Dr.Rakesh V.B and Dr.Dhanya Joseph)

Q. There are a lot of online marketplaces/e-commerce platforms in the fisheries/seafood sector. What kind of solutions are you bringing in when it comes to the fish market?

Ans: We are here not to create an additional supply chain. Our focus is to improve the conventional supply chain in a phased manner. Modernisation of the conventional supply chain with digital technologies through exploration of new market avenues are among the key goals. An online fish auction platform and another for upgradation of fish shops has been developed and launched. The stock quality checks will be performed in the supply chain through ICAR – CIFT technologies.

Online Auction platform could be a supplement or alternative to the physical auctions at landing centres, wholesale trade centres or fish farms. Fish farmers, fishermen, boat owners, auctioneers, wholesalers and retailers can be the stakeholders of the online auction platform. This is the first national instance of introducing Online Auction platform capable of multiple types of auctions for the Indian fisheries sector. Total four types of auctions are integrated in this platform. Incremental, Reserved and Automatic mode of auctions are made available for the sellers, whereas Reverse Auction feature is provided exclusively for the buyers to get competitive bids from multiple sellers for bulk orders. Auction duration could be set to several minutes, hours or days.

The e-commerce website developed for fish retailers enables the regional shops to have their online presence near the customer’s location. The website makes use of the O2O (Online to Offline) commerce concept, where in online customers shall be attracted to make purchase through nearby physical fish shops with options for home delivery of cleaned fishes. The retailers could avail their quality checked stocks through the developed online auction platform.

Q. How can technology be used to discover better prices for fish farmers?

Ans: The digital transformation initiative for fisheries supply chain envisage to solve the low catch price concerns for the fishermen communities, as well as focus to develop demand cluster through network of digital retailers for effective market linkages and quality assurances. Physical auctions inherit the problem of sales options restricted to few stakeholders physically present at the harbour, whereas the online auction platform extends the reach to more buyers beyond the physical boundaries. During our field surveys, the fishermen of Chellanam fishing village, Kochi expressed interest to be part of the online trading options, so that it shall address their concerns of low price for the fish catch. Fish farmers could also be on-boarded in this digital platform, so that they could negotiate better with more buyers from multiple locations.

Many fish retailers are willing to be onboarded to the digital network, so as to upgrade their competence and sustenance. Lack of brand support, quality assurance of fish stocks and non-familiarity with the e-commerce platforms are among the issues faced by the small-scalefish retailers, which shall be resolved through the project intervention. In return, the shop owners shall purchase their stock through the e-platforms, so that the primary stakeholders such as fishermen or fish farmers could have better price margin. Based on the value generation (financing, warehousing, and logistics) other stakeholders such as auctioneers, wholesalers and agents could also have their fixed profit margin through the e trading platforms. The digital interventions could facilitate more freedom of sales, responsible sourcing and quality checks in the fisheries supply chain. The Resinnov Blue project shall take efforts to popularize the technology within the sector in collaborative mode with regional entrepreneurs.

Q. Have you developed any technology that lets consumers check the quality of the fish?  Please elaborate.

Ans: For the Resinnov Blue project, we will be availing quality assessment technologies and procedures of ICAR – CIFT that have been already developed by them internally. ICAR – CIFT could play a key role to ensure quality practices throughout the supply chain in a phased manner. The technologies and procedures such as sensory attribute assessment procedures, ranking method and rapid detection kits could be handy in supply chain checks. Consumers could also check the quality of the fish as they get familiarized with the methods.

( THIS IS WRITTEN BY:

Dr. RojithGirindran

Founder Director & Research Scientist

Principal Investigator, Resinnov Blue project

Foundation for Environmental Research and Innovation

ABI Centre, ICAR – Central Institute of Fisheries Technology

Kochi, Kerala)

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ICAR-CMFRI enters into an agreement with Emineotech to commercialize seaweed based liver health products http://www.aquapost.in/icar-cmfri-enters-into-an-agreement-with-emineotech-to-commercialize-seaweed-based-liver-health-products/ http://www.aquapost.in/icar-cmfri-enters-into-an-agreement-with-emineotech-to-commercialize-seaweed-based-liver-health-products/#respond Tue, 03 Jan 2023 11:03:12 +0000 http://www.aquapost.in/?p=2084   ICAR- Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute (CMFRI) has entered into an MoU with Emineotech, a health products focused company,  last week to commercialize a seaweed based liver health product. The managing director of Emineotech, Evanjalist Pathrose, and Dr. A Gopalakrishnan, Director of CMFRI, executed the license agreement. The ninth nutraceutical developed by the CMFRI […]

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ICAR- Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute (CMFRI) has entered into an MoU with Emineotech, a health products focused company,  last week to commercialize a seaweed based liver health product. The managing director of Emineotech, Evanjalist Pathrose, and Dr. A Gopalakrishnan, Director of CMFRI, executed the license agreement.

The ninth nutraceutical developed by the CMFRI is a one-of-a-kind blend of natural bioactive ingredients extracted from selected seaweeds. It is made using an environmentally friendly green technology to improve liver health.

In addition to boosting immunity, CMFRI has already made nutraceuticals to combat lifestyle diseases like type-2 diabetes, arthritis, cholesterol, hypertension, hypothyroidism, and osteoporosis.

A patent-protected nutraceutical developed by the ICAR-Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute (CMFRI) from seaweeds to treat non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is referred to as Cadalmin LivCure extract.

In a press release, CMFRI director Dr. A Gopalakrishnan stated, “We have been receiving an overwhelming response from the public ever since the CMFRI developed the Cadalmin LivCure extract, which shows increasing demand for natural remedies against lifestyle diseases.”

He went on to say, “Commercialization of the product will be greatly beneficial to a large number of people suffering from non-alcoholic fatty liver disease because it helps improve liver health, reduce the disposition of fatty substances, and maintain other liver/lipid parameters within the clinically acceptable limits.” According to the findings of in-depth pre-clinical trials, the nutritional supplement does not cause any adverse effects.

He went on to say, “CMFRI launched efforts to the large-scale farming of seaweeds across the coastal states of the country, realizing the high pharmaceutical and medicinal potential of seaweeds.”

The product’s development research was led by Dr. Kajal Chakraborty, the principal scientist at the CMFRI’s marine biotechnology, fish nutrition, and health division.

According to Pathrose, the product will be available for purchase online on Amazon, Flipkart, and other leading e-commerce platforms within four months. It will also be sold in physical market networks across the country. He went on to say that the company would also launch programs to raise community awareness of the dangers of undiagnosed fatty liver disease and the advantages of natural treatments like changing one’s lifestyle.

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Aquaculture – Tilapia an opportunity for India http://www.aquapost.in/aquaculture-tilapia-an-opportunity-for-india/ http://www.aquapost.in/aquaculture-tilapia-an-opportunity-for-india/#respond Mon, 02 Jan 2023 08:00:18 +0000 http://www.aquapost.in/?p=2070 Author: Arabind Das On 15th Nov 2022 world population reached 8.0 billion mark and estimated to grow to 8.5 billion in 2030 and 9.7 billion by 2050. More than the half of the increase will be contributed by India, Philippines, Pakistan and Sub-Saharan region. India’s current population is 1.4 billion (UN estimates) which is expected […]

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Author: Arabind Das

On 15th Nov 2022 world population reached 8.0 billion mark and estimated to grow to 8.5 billion in 2030 and 9.7 billion by 2050. More than the half of the increase will be contributed by India, Philippines, Pakistan and Sub-Saharan region.

India’s current population is 1.4 billion (UN estimates) which is expected to grow to 1.5 billion by 2030 and 1.7 billion by 2050. Currently estimated 270 Mn people are below the poverty line out of which 80% lives in rural areas. Approx 51% of the rural poor depends on casual labour (non-farm and farm) which is their main source of income. Approx 45% of rural poor are illiteratewhere as 15% are secondary and above. Only 40% are primary educated or literate. They spend 56% of their income in food which does not take care of daily nutritional requirement of children, adolescent girls, expectant mothers and lactating mothers.

India has set a target to reduce stunting amongst children to 25% by the end of 2022. However, it seems difficult due to various challenges due to Covid and Post Covid economic situation. Children younger than five years of age are stunted due to chronic undernutrition which has its long-lasting impact on development of brain and health and hence earning potential in adult stage.

Liu Zhenmin, UN Under-Secretary-General for Economic and Social Affairs says “The relationship between population growth and sustainable development is complex and multidimensional. Rapid population growth makes eradicating poverty, combatting hunger and malnutrition, and increasing the coverage of health and education systems more difficult.”

India is trying to address this through UN SDGs (Sustainable Development Goals). Aquaculture can address following SDGs;

  • SDG 1: End Poverty in all its forms everywhere
  • SDG 2: End hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition and promote sustainable agriculture
  • SDG 3: Ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages
  • SDG 5: Achieve gender equality and empower all women and girl
  • SDG 8: Promote sustained, inclusive and sustainable economic growth, full and productive employment and decent work for all
  • SDG 14: Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable development

It provides an opportunity to rural women for a sustainable meaningful earning potential beside providing most nutritious food for her family. Aquaculture helps rural women to be part of economic growth. They can play vital role in increasing in export earnings too.

India is the 2nd largest producer of Fish and marine produce and 4th largest exporter in the world. India leverages its captive brackish water land to produce shrimp and approximately 90% of it is exported. With the increase in population and per capita income the demand for the protein is bound to increase and hence, the domestic demand and global demand is an opportunity.

Animal protein productions are projected for growth on the back of increasing demand of poultry meat, aquaculture and marine sea catch and declining consumption of beef and pork with the change in life style and economic hardship.

Ministry of Commerce and Industries has included Fishery and Marine sector as a Champion Sector. SCALE Committee is focussing on quadrupling the Fishery and Export by 4X in next 10 years.  The Committee has mapped world market, species that is mostly traded, importing and exporting countries for next decade. As per the committee’s study India must move to more value-added product export and for the domestic consumption especially in HORECA segment to improve the value realisation. Over next 10 years India will face stiff competition in Shrimp from other exporting countries into major importing countries such as USA and the Europe, Japan. Hence, the SCALE Committee after due deliberation with the leading Industry experts in India and outside and best bet species assessment identified ‘Tilapia” and ‘Scampi” as the species to pursue on the basis of its suitability to our condition, domestic market potential and rising demand in the global market. 

With the challenge in sea catch the aquaculture has been under focus to meet the protein demand. In Aquaculture Tilapia is the 3rd largest traded species in the world and shown decent growth over last 10 years and has a potential to further grow. It is one of the most consumed fish in the world. It is a very good source of protein, vitamins and minerals and is comparatively inexpensive. During the pandemic its market didn’t suffer as much as that of other species.  Tilapia can grow easily in ponds and also in reservoir cage culture.

Tilapia is at a nascent stage in India but has huge potential. It needs focussed integrated approach to carry out production at scale to remain sustainably competitive in the domestic and global market.

India has large water bodies – reservoirs, canals, back-yard ponds that can be meaningfully and productively leveraged for fish production on the basis of species that is in demand in domestic and world market. India needs hatcheries, grow out ponds, cages for reservoirs and above all participation of farmers, entrepreneurs, industries and support of Central & State Governments. Each declared clusters must have both pond culture and cage culture in reservoirs along with Feed Plants, Processing facilities. Cold chain & logistic infrastructure and testing facilities. It needs collaborative approaches of relevant ministries to come out with purposeful policy that can support this kind of initiative and attract investment to deliver not only Socio-Economic benefits but also put India in export market with greater market share. This will connect our rural women and youth with the main stream economy and export earnings for the country.

In 2011 WorldFish, one of the 15 Research Centre of CGIAR, a Not-for-Profit Organisation under collaborative agreement Phase I has given GIFT Tilapia families to RGCA (Rajiv Gandhi Centre for Aquaculture. They provide Quantitative Genetics Program, Best practices and Training to the RGCA to develop high performance lines. In the year 2019 New Lines of GIFT Tilapia with improved performance were given under phase II collaboration agreement. With the back up support of genetics research from WorldFish India is in good hand to go ahead with commercial farming for domestic and export market.

GIFT Tilapia is an improved strain that is hardy, resilient and fast growing than other tilapia strains. It completes production cycle more quickly and efficiently than other strains. It has helped small scale farmers in many countries in ensuring sustainable source of income, food and nutrition and more importantly excellent adaptation to climate change.

Brood Stock Multiplication Centres supplies brood stocks to hatcheries around it. It has a gestation period of 1 to 2 years before it starts delivering returns.

It is always advisable to establish modern scientific hatcheries for production of tilapia fry which is 0.5 gm to 2 cm in length. These fries are all male (mono-sex). With the growing focus on Tilapia farming there is an excellent opportunity for the rural youth and entrepreneurs to establish Tilapia Hatcheries in growing clusters.

Most Tilapia farmers worldwide grows fingerlings (25 to 50 gms) which is 10 to 12 cms in length, from Fry that they buy from the hatcheries. Then they shift them to grow out ponds.

For value added products like fillet mostly the fish is grown to 750 – 850 gms size or above. The price realisation goes high with the increased body weight. In US Market tilapia fillet is retailed at around $ 12 to 13 (Rs 1000) per Kg.  However, it is traded at $ 6 to 7 (Rs 500) per Kg at the landing stage. It is important to note that skin-off fillet yield is approx 30 – 35%. Current cost of GIFT Tilapia production cost is approx. Rs 66 to 68 per kg at farm gate.

For successful sustainable viable tilapia farming lies in scale and demand led production. Cage culture farming in reservoir gives premium quality (bright colour and clean flavour) fillet that fetches higher price in the export market like USA, Europe and Japan. Fillet produced from tilapia fish grown in ponds gives a little dull colour and muddy flavour and hence, fetches lower prices ($4 to 5 per Kg). Similarly smaller fish fillet fetches lower prices. Muddy flavour and dull colour are preferred in domestic market. However, domestic HORECA segment prefers export quality but buys big and small fillet depending on the cost.

In tilapia farming major cost is feed. Hence, it is important to monitor the feed quality and feeding quantity and Feed Conversion ratio (FCR).

To compete in international market, it has to be a collective effort from Brood Multiplication Centre (BMC) to Hatchery operators to Fingerling production & grow out farmers. To remain sustainably competitive in the export market, we have to control the cost of seed, survival rate at each stage and most importantly FCR beside biosecurity.

Support of a good genetic program is required to overcome challenges of diseases, if any, improving survival rate, feed conversion and grow-out time beside improving traits that is liked by the consumer.

 Global tilapia production in 2020 is est at 7.0 million Mts. A steady gain has been forecasted in the future. This is 2nd most farmed fish in the world and produced in 127 countries because it has extremely high breeding rate and can be farmed in small to medium to commercial (cage) culture system. It does not require high start-up cost and grows to 750 gms size in 6 months.

In Bangladesh poor and lower income families prefer 100 to 150 gms size (2 to 3 months) pond grown tilapia because of its lower cost. It is a low-price animal protein and rightly called as the everyman’s fish.

For commercial production a typical small and medium hatchery will cost approx Rs25 Lakhs that will produce 2.0 million and 10.0 million GIFT fry respectively. The cost production will be approx. Rs1.0 and Re 0.70 per fry respectively.

A typical semi-intensive pond GIFT tilapia farming will deliver 10 Mts per harvest and the farmer can harvest twice per year per hectare where as in intensive farming the harvest can go upto 40 Mts per year.

For sustainable competitive exports reservoir circular cage culture is advisable. One circular cage of 1000 Cu meter cost approx. Rs 13 Lakhs and can produce 30 Mts per harvest in 6 months and 60 Mts per year. In circular cage culture approx. production cost of GIFT Tilapia will be Rs 67 to 70 per Kg. The life of circular cage is around 10 years. It is a very good opportunity for rural youth, new entrepreneurs and fishery industries.

Let us leverage our huge water body resources with an integrated approach – hatchery, feed plant, cold supply chain facility and processing plant in “Aquaculture Cluster.”State governments must consider economically sustainable integrated policies, low cost long lease of and single window approvals that can attract investments. Government can provide funds through WSHGs (Women Self Help Groups) to clean existing ponds and do aquaculture farming. This initiative will develop market demand linkedaquaculturefarming and processing centres for value-added products. It will not only provide rural women and youth to be part of this market linked opportunity and create jobs but also addresses food & nutritional security to large extent. This will revive dying ponds in our villages and support rain water harvesting too.

Truly, aquaculture can transform socio-economic condition in rural India!

(This article is written by: Arabind Das,Partner – Inspirare Consulting LLP

CMD, Nutriwiz Global Food Advisory Services Pvt Ltd)

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Change in behaviour necessary for effective waste management: workshop http://www.aquapost.in/change-in-behaviour-necessary-for-effective-waste-management-workshop/ http://www.aquapost.in/change-in-behaviour-necessary-for-effective-waste-management-workshop/#respond Tue, 27 Dec 2022 07:31:34 +0000 http://www.aquapost.in/?p=2066 A training-cum-workshop has identified people’s faulty outlookas the major impediment to effective and meaningful waste management, saying that a positive behavioural change is necessaryto make a clean society. The workshop was organised by the ICAR-Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute (CMFRI) on Thursday as part of its Swachh Bharat campaign. Instead of waste removal from their […]

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A training-cum-workshop has identified people’s faulty outlookas the major impediment to effective and meaningful waste management, saying that a positive behavioural change is necessaryto make a clean society.

The workshop was organised by the ICAR-Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute (CMFRI) on Thursday as part of its Swachh Bharat campaign.

Instead of waste removal from their premises, a culture of proper waste management has to be inculcated within the society, said Dr D. Girija, Emeritus Professor at the Kerala Agricultural University on the occasion.

“Careless dumping of plastics and other wastes is the result of an unresponsive attitude towards waste management. Many people are even careless in segregating bio-degradable and non-biodegradable waste. People should understand that household management of kitchen wastes is their primary responsibility”, she said, adding that effective steps, including an awareness campaign, should be adopted to inculcate a proper waste management perception among the public.

Citing the poor practice of waste management in the cities, Dr Girija suggested effective composting methods such as smart biobin and thumboormuzhiaerobic composting as the practical methods suitable to city life. She further demonstrated the operation of the ‘KAU Smart Biobin’ developed by the Agricultural University.

CMFRI Director Dr. A Gopalakrishnan, Swachh Bharat Nodal Officer Dr. N Aswathy, K Smitha, and V K Sobha spoke on the occasion.

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Indian fishermen are getting trained to not cross IMBL http://www.aquapost.in/indian-fishermen-are-getting-trained-to-not-cross-imbl/ http://www.aquapost.in/indian-fishermen-are-getting-trained-to-not-cross-imbl/#respond Thu, 15 Dec 2022 08:48:38 +0000 http://www.aquapost.in/?p=2057 The Department of Fisheries, Ministry of Fisheries, Animal Husbandry and Dairying issues advisory to coastal States and Union Territories (UTs) from time to time to sensitize the fishermen on the implications of crossing the International Maritime Boundary Line (IMBL) and on the importance of not to cross IMBL. Besides, Indian Navy and Indian Coast Guard […]

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The Department of Fisheries, Ministry of Fisheries, Animal Husbandry and Dairying issues advisory to coastal States and Union Territories (UTs) from time to time to sensitize the fishermen on the implications of crossing the International Maritime Boundary Line (IMBL) and on the importance of not to cross IMBL. Besides, Indian Navy and Indian Coast Guard (ICG) regularly conduct Community Interaction Programmes (CIPs) for the fishermen in the coastal villages wherein they are sensitized about IMBL among other safety and security measures.

ICG ships and aircraft, during regular patrol close to IMBL undertake shepherding of Indian fishing boats into Indian waters. Co-ordinated patrols with neighboring countries are also undertaken in order to sensitize the fishermen to avoid crossing IMBL.

ICG also sensitizes Fisheries Departments of Coastal States/UTs and fisheries associations about the perils of fishing near/across IMBL. Enhanced CIPs are conducted among fisher folk emphasizing on adverse implications for illegal entry and dangers involved in crossing IMBL. Since 2009, Indian Coast Guards have conducted 10,696 Community Interactions. Standard Operating Procedures have been promulgated by Ministry of Home Affairs in November, 2016 to prevent transgression of IMBL by Indian fishermen.

The flagship scheme “Pradhan Mantri Matsya Sampada Yojana (PMMSY) being implemented by Department of Fisheries, Ministry of Fisheries, Animal Husbandry and Dairying provides support to traditional fishermen/fishermen’s groups, to acquire deep sea fishing vessels and Automatic Information System/communication devises and support for training and capacity building to avoid crossing IMBL and instead to fish in other areas within Exclusive Economic Zone far away from their bases.

In addition, PMMSY also supports fitment of communication and/or tracking devices, and GPS onboard fishing boats in order to help the fishermen to avoid straying across IMBL.

This information was given by Shri Parshottam Rupala, Union Minister of Fisheries, Animal Husbandry & Dairying in a written reply in Lok Sabha today.

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Status of Fisheries and Aquaculture Infrastructure Development Fund http://www.aquapost.in/status-of-fisheries-and-aquaculture-infrastructure-development-fund/ http://www.aquapost.in/status-of-fisheries-and-aquaculture-infrastructure-development-fund/#respond Thu, 15 Dec 2022 08:27:25 +0000 http://www.aquapost.in/?p=2049 The Department of Fisheries, Ministry of Fisheries, Animal Husbandry and Dairying, during the financial year 2018-19, has created Fisheries and Aquaculture Infrastructure Development Fund (FIDF) with a total fund size of Rs 7522.48 crore. The FIDF scheme provides concessional finance to the Eligible Entities (EEs), including State Governments/Union Territories and State entities for development of […]

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The Department of Fisheries, Ministry of Fisheries, Animal Husbandry and Dairying, during the financial year 2018-19, has created Fisheries and Aquaculture Infrastructure Development Fund (FIDF) with a total fund size of Rs 7522.48 crore. The FIDF scheme provides concessional finance to the Eligible Entities (EEs), including State Governments/Union Territories and State entities for development of identified fisheries infrastructure facilities through the interest subvention up-to 3% per annum for providing the concessional finance by the Nodal Loaning Entities (NLEs) at the interest rate not lower than 5% per annum. The objectives of FIDF are;

 (i) Creation and modernization of capture & culture fisheries infrastructure,

(ii) Creation of Marine Aquaculture Infrastructure,

 (iii) Creation and modernization of Inland Fisheries Infrastructure,

 (iv) Reduce post- harvest losses and improve domestic marketing facilities through infrastructure support,

(v) To bridge the resource gap and facilitate completion of ongoing infrastructure projects.

This information was given by Shri Parshottam Rupala, Union Minister of Fisheries, Animal Husbandry & Dairying in a written reply in Lok Sabha today.

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Field Day held at Meghalaya on the occasion of successful cage culture trial in Umiam reservoir http://www.aquapost.in/field-day-held-at-meghalaya-on-the-occasion-of-successful-cage-culture-trial-in-umiam-reservoir/ http://www.aquapost.in/field-day-held-at-meghalaya-on-the-occasion-of-successful-cage-culture-trial-in-umiam-reservoir/#respond Mon, 12 Dec 2022 10:58:17 +0000 http://www.aquapost.in/?p=2044 ICAR-Central Inland Fisheries Research Institute (ICAR-CIFRI), Regional Centre, Guwahati in collaboration with ICAR Research Complex for NEH Region (ICAR RC-NEHR), Umiam has successfully carried out cage culture in Umiam Reservoir through participation of tribal fishers of the locality under the Ri-Bhoi Farmers’ Union (RFU) for assessing the techno-economic feasibility of cage culture technology, which is […]

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ICAR-Central Inland Fisheries Research Institute (ICAR-CIFRI), Regional Centre, Guwahati in collaboration with ICAR Research Complex for NEH Region (ICAR RC-NEHR), Umiam has successfully carried out cage culture in Umiam Reservoir through participation of tribal fishers of the locality under the Ri-Bhoi Farmers’ Union (RFU) for assessing the techno-economic feasibility of cage culture technology, which is the first of its kind in the NE hilly state. Cage culture trials were carried out in CIFRI-GI cage (6 nos.; 100 m3/cage) using CIFRI-CageGrow floating feed in the reservoir.

On successful completion of the 3rd culture trial in Umiam reservoir, ICAR-CIFRI Regional Centre, Guwahati jointly with ICAR RC for NEHR, Umiam organized a Field Day on “Cage culture in reservoirs of Meghalaya” in collaboration with the Department of Fisheries, Govt. of Meghalaya and Ri-Bhoi Farmers’ Union, Meghalaya at Umniuh Khwan village on 09.12.2022. The programme was organized under the overall guidance of Dr. B. K. Das, Director, ICAR-CIFRI, Barrackpore; Dr. V. K. Mishra, Director, ICAR RC for NEHR, Umiam and Coordinated by Dr. B. K. Bhattacharjya, Head, ICAR-CIFRI RC, Guwahati as well as Dr. S. K. Das, Head, Division of Animal and Fisheries Science (DAFS), ICAR RC for NEHR, Umiam.

The programme was attended by 80 tribal fishers (including 25 women beneficiaries) of the locality under the RFU led by Mr. D. Majaw, President. Scientists and technical personnel’s of the two ICAR Institutes namely Dr. Pronob Das, Dr. S. Yengkkpam, Dr. S. Borah, Mr. T. Tayung, Ms. P. Devi (Scientists) and Mr. Alakesh Das (STO) acted as technical expert.

Dr. P. Das welcomed the guests and participants for the programme and explained the purpose of the day-long programme. Dr. S. K. Das informed the participants that cage culture in Umiam reservoir of Meghalaya was initiated for the first time during 2019 by ICAR-CIFRI Regional Centre, Guwahati in collaboration with the ICAR RC for NEHR, Umiam and Ri-Bhoi Farmers’ Union. He stated that it was possible because of the guidance of Dr. J. K. Jena, DDG (Fisheries), ICAR, New Delhi and initiative of Dr. B. K. Das, Director, ICAR-CIFRI, Barrackpore. Dr. B.K. Bhattacharjya thanked the Director, ICAR-CIFRI for financial support to the cage culture programme in Umiam reservoir.

He mentioned that both ICAR institutes worked together for refining the cage culture technology developed by ICAR-CIFRI to assess techno-economic feasibility of cage culture under mid-altitude conditions. He briefed about the outcome of the three cage culture trials conducted in the reservoir. He also highlighted the cage culture activities being carried out by ICAR-CIFRI in different parts of Northeast India. Mr. D. Majaw thanked both the ICAR Institutes for successfully implementing cage culture in Umiam reservoir for the third consecutive year. Ms. Meda A. K., Superintendent of Fisheries, Ri-Bhoi district interacted with the participating fishers on cage culture. She thanked both the ICAR Institutes for their effort for assessing the feasibility of cage culture in reservoirs of the state.

Mr. Paul Tariang, Assistant Director (Fisheries), Govt. of Meghalaya thanked both the ICAR Institutes for their effort in developing fisheries in the state with special mention to ICAR-CIFRI for development of openwater fisheries. He informed that the department has planned to implement large scale cage culture schemes in the state with 60% subsidy from FY 2023-24, as the feasibility of the culture has been shown by ICAR-CIFRI. He also requested the both ICAR Institute for providing technical support in the programme.

Mr. William Lyongdoh, Head of Umniuh Khwan village thanked both the ICAR Institutes for implementing successful cage culture in the reservoir for the benefit of the tribal fishers and promised to continue the activity in future. During the interactive session, the Scientists interacted with the participants on different aspects of cage culture. The sale of cage reared fishes was inaugurated by Mr. Paul Tariang, Assistant Director (Fisheries), Govt. of Meghalaya. The sale will directly benefit 25 fisher women families of the Ri-Bhoi Farmers’ Union. On the occasion, some fishes (mainly Rohu) reared in cages were released in the reservoir as a fish stock enhancement measures for sustainability

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Awareness-cum-feed distribution programme held in Ri-Bhoi district of Meghalaya http://www.aquapost.in/awareness-cum-feed-distribution-programme-held-in-ri-bhoi-district-of-meghalaya/ http://www.aquapost.in/awareness-cum-feed-distribution-programme-held-in-ri-bhoi-district-of-meghalaya/#respond Sat, 03 Dec 2022 10:56:14 +0000 http://www.aquapost.in/?p=2038 ICAR-Central Inland Fisheries Research Institute (ICAR-CIFRI) Regional Centre, Guwahati in collaboration with Ri-Bhoi Farmers’ Union, Meghalaya organized an “Awareness-cum-feed distribution programme” at Umiarong village, Ri-Bhoi district, Meghalaya on 02.12.2022 in order to popularize the CIFRI-CAGEGROW feed among the tribal fish farmers in mid-altitude region of Meghalaya. The programme was organized under the overall guidance of […]

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ICAR-Central Inland Fisheries Research Institute (ICAR-CIFRI) Regional Centre, Guwahati in collaboration with Ri-Bhoi Farmers’ Union, Meghalaya organized an “Awareness-cum-feed distribution programme” at Umiarong village, Ri-Bhoi district, Meghalaya on 02.12.2022 in order to popularize the CIFRI-CAGEGROW feed among the tribal fish farmers in mid-altitude region of Meghalaya. The programme was organized under the overall guidance of Dr. B. K. Das, Director, ICAR-CIFRI, Barrackpore and Dr. B. K. Bhattacharjya, Head, ICAR-CIFRI RC,Guwahati.

It was organized by Dr. Pronob Das, Senior Scientist and Dr. S. Borah, Scientist (Organizing Secretaries); Dr. S. Yengkokpam and Dr. D.K. Meena, Senior Scientists (Co-organizing Secretaries). The programme was attended by the 80 tribal fish farmers of the locality under Ri-Bhoi Farmers’ Union led by Mr. D. Majaw, President and Mr. K. Brightstar, Secretary. Representatives from local media were also present in the interactive programme.

Mr. D. Majaw welcomed the participants and dignitaries for the day-long programme. He thanked ICAR-CIFRI for their effort for development of fisheries in the state including cage culture in Umiam reservoir. Dr. Pronob Das gave the opening remarks and explained the purpose of the programme. He informed that ICAR-CIFRI has commercialized CIFRI-GI cage, CIFRI-HDPE pen and CIFRI-CAGEGROW floating feed for open waters. He said CIFRI-CAGEGROW floating feed can be effectively used for enclosure culture in open waters as well as in pond aquaculture.

He explained about different activities carried out by the Institute for development of open water fisheries of Northeast region especially Meghalaya. Dr. S. Yengkokpam explained about the role fish feed in fish culture and different feeding methods along with the scientific merits of the CIFRI-CAGEGROW feed use. Dr. S. Borah informed the participants about the economics of CIFRI-CAGEGROW feed and other technologies developed for open water fisheries of the region. He also explained the different aspects of scientific fish farming.

During the interaction, participants interacted with the Scientists on different aspects of fisheries and aquaculture. The Scientists urged the participants to adopt scientific fish farming methods for higher production, enhancement of income and livelihood. They also urged the beneficiaries to share the feedback on performance of CIFRI-CAGEGROW feed.

 On the occasion, a total of 3500 kg CIFRI-CAGEGROW floating feed was distributed to 50 tribal fisher families representing 16 villages of the district. Mr. K. Brightstar thanked ICAR-CIFRI for their continuous support to the fishers of Ri-Bhoi Farmers’ Union and promised to monitor proper use of distributed feed.

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